Experimental Test of Standard Model and Beyond-S3

Experimental Test of Standard Model and Beyond

Contact: Pr. Marlon Barbero

 

In a first part, we will see what are the sources of particles relevant to our discussion (astrophysical objects, accelerators). We will cover the interaction of particles of various types in matter, and the important figures of merit related to these interactions (radiation length, critical energy, etc...). We will see various detection techniques used either at colliders or to detect astroparticles (Cerenkov detectors, scintillators, gaseous detectors, semiconductor detectors, ...) and finish with examples of practical layouts of complex modern detectors.
In a second part, after a reminder on the Standard Model of particles, some important elements of modern particle physics experiments will be addressed: triggering, data collection, reconstruction and analysis. Flavor physics will also be introduced.
The third part will be devoted to neutrino physics, starting from the physics of standard neutrino, introducing then the concept of neutrino oscillations, and finishing with the open questions in neutrino physics (nature of the neutrino, mass hierarchy, ...).
In the fourth and final part, the ElectroWeak Symmetry Breaking mechanism will be introduced, leading to the Standard Model Higgs boson. We will describe the search for the Higgs boson at current colliders, and the state of the art in terms of Higgs boson properties. This part will be concluded with solutions proposed to solve the hierarchy problems, introducing extra-dimensions, super-symmetry and making the connection to cosmology (dark matter, WIMP, baryogenesis...).

 

References:

1- W.R. Leo, Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments
2- C. Grupen, Handbook of Particle Detection and Imaging
3- Full review of PDG, section “passage of particle through matter” + other chapters covered
4- Specific literature for sub-topic: Rossi et al, “Pixel Detectors: From fundamental to application”
5- Carlo Giunti,  "Fubndamentals of neutrino physics and astrophysics"
6- Kai Zuber, "Neutrino Physics"