Physique des Particules, Physique subatomique-Subatomic and Particle Physics-S2

Physique des Particules, Physique subatomique / Subatomic and Particle Physics

Contact: J. Busto, J-P. Ernenwein & M. Talby

Subatomic Physics I - Introduction to physics of the atomic nucleus (10h)
- Structure of the nucleus: Mass, Radius, Binding Energy, Abundances
- Nuclear models: liquid drop, Fermi gas model, shell model
- Instability of matter: radioactivity and decay modes
- Nuclear reactions: fission, fusion

Subatomic Physics II – Applications (6h)
- Radioactive dating, tracers, imaging. Production of energy
- Radiation protection
- Nuclear Astrophysics

Particle Physics I – Introduction (4h)
-Particles and interactions
-System of natural units

Particle Physics II - Symmetries and conservation laws (8h)
-Notions of symmetry and conservation: total angular momentum, electric charge,
lepton and baryon numbers, flavor, Isospin, parity, charge parity.
-Application to particle decay ; basic notions on Feynman diagrams, aiming at representing the transition between initial and final states.

Particle Physics III - Hadrons: static quark model (4h)
-Mesons
-Baryons.

Particle Physics IV – Relativistic kinematics, cross-section and decay rate (8h)
- Context of special relativity. Four-vector formalism and Lorentz transformation
- Laboratory frame, center of mass frame ; Mandelstam variables
- Computation of the decay rate of a particle, mean lifetime
- Computation of the scattering cross-section

Labs:  particle-matter interaction, exploitation of results from particle physics experiments, particle detectors.

 

References

- Luc Valentin, Le Monde subatomique : des quarks aux centrales atomiques, Hermann (1986)
- F. Halzen & A.D. Martin, Quarks and Leptons,  John Wiley & Sons (1984),
- André Rougé, Introduction à la Physique Subatomique, éditions Ellipses (1997),
- Benoit Clément, Physique des particules: Cours et exercices corrigés, Dunod 2013