Stars and Galaxies-S3

Stars and Galaxies

Contact: Olivier Ilbert and Patrice Theulé

I. Galaxies in the universe: a general introduction

  1. The Milky Way: recongnizing it as galaxy
  2. Elliptical and spiral galaxies,rotation acurves and darm matter halo
  3. The general framework of galaxy formation and evolution

II. Radiation from galaxies: from the observations to the physical contentof galaxies

  1. Galaxies at all wavelengths: brief presentation of the whole spectrum
  2. Star formation rates and stellar mass measurements
  3. Gaseous and dust components
  4. The process of star formation

III. Detailed view of spiral galaxies and their secular evolution

  1. Galaxy formation :the primordial disk
  2. Formation and stability of the disk,orbits in the disk
  3. Formation of the arms,the bar and the bulge
  4. Importance of instabilities at nigh redshift

IV. Galaxy evolution within the dark matter structures

  1. The star formation history and the dark matter structure growth
  2. the dark matter halos and stellar mass functions:AGN and SN feddback
  3. Impact ogf the environment,mergers and formation of the elliptical galaxies

V. Galaxy evolution from the local to the distant universe

  1. The local inverse and the distant universe
  2. The stellar mass assembly
  3. Statistics:spacial distribution, counts,luminosity functions and biases

VI. Active Galaxy Nucleii

  1. What is an active galaxy? a central black hole as engine, the accretion disk
  2. The unification model
  3. AGN-galaxy co-evolution: quenching of the star formation

VII. The first galaxies and reionisation

  1. Cosmological reionization, Gunn-Peterson effect
  2. Clumpy IGM:absorbing systems
  3. The cosmic web: IGM-galaxy connection

VIII. Phases and processes in the interstellar medium

IX. The neutral medium

X. The ionized medium

XI. Interstellar dust and PAHs

XII. Chemical processes in the interstellar medium

XIII. Chemistry of various objects